Plazuela Santa Ana # 141 / Telf: (051) (41) 47 - 7610 / Chachapoyas - Amazonas - Perú

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La Libertad

CHAN CHAN

Brief description:

CHAN CHAN - THE FABLED CITADEL OF THE CHIMÚ KINGDOM AND CHAN CHAN ON BICYCLE

Description

CHAN CHAN - THE FABLED CITADEL OF THE CHIMÚ KINGDOM The archaeological citadel of Chan Chan, which was the political, administrative, and religious capital of the Chimú Kingdom, spans over an area of 20 square kilometers bordering with the City of Trujillo, with the Pacific Ocean pointing to the enchanting bay of Huanchaco, and limited by a nine-kilometer Chimú wall constructed between the sacred mountains “La Cumbre” (the summit) and “Campana” (the Bell), to control the northern access to Chan Chan. The Chimú constructed the citadel using different types of mudbricks, boulders, grinded stone, clay, sand, smashed shell, wood beams, bamboo, reed, totora, ropes, and cords. The main architectonical units are 10 high - walled palaces and five truncated pyramids covering a core monumental zone of 6 square kilometers, each palace corresponds to a Chimú king called “Chimo(r) Cápac”, their dynasty was founded by Tacaynamo and endure seven centuries (IX - XV A.D.) until their conquest by the Incas around 1470 A.D. Each palace is enclosed by a high and thick earthen wall that bears a unique entrance facing north, within the palaces, the archaeologist continue discovering ceremonial patios, corridors, and elite - administrative units called “audiences”, this components which had religious and economic functions are beautifully embellish with elaborated mud friezes of marine inspiration in low relief, to sustain this royal courts the palaces comprise other architectural spaces like, temples, elite dwellings, specialized workshops, cooking areas, residential units, large groups of deposits, llama corrals, walk – in wells, a large ceremonial pond called “Huachaque”, and a royal mausoleum for the king and consorts. Considering its outstanding universal value and its vulnerability to the extreme climatic events caused by El Niño phenomenon that affects the northern Peruvian coast, Chan Chan was inscribed in 1986 by the UNESCO on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The 10 Chan Chan Palaces in chronological order are: 1) Chayhuac 2) Uhle 3) Tello 4) Laberinto 5) Gran Chimú 6) Squier 7) Velarde 8) Bandelier 9) Tshudi 10) Rivero The five truncated pyramids (Huacas) of Chan Chan are: 1) Huaca El Obispo 2) Huaca Las Conchas 3) Huaca Toledo (The first Chimú pyramid to be excavated between 2015 and 2019) 4) Huaca El Olvido 5) Huaca El Higo VISITING CHAN CHAN ON BICYCLE The “Bicitour Museo Chan Chan” project introduces a new alternative to admire this magnificent archaeological citadel from a new perspective while riding a bicycle along a 3.2 Km circuit for about 40 minutes. The outward leg starts at the site Museum, passes next to the recently excavated “Toledo Pyramid”, and continues along the perimeter walls of the “Bandelier” and “Uhle” compounds, after taking about one hour visiting the Tshudi palace, starts the way back pedaling to the site Museum. This innovative project provides sustainable jobs for young people from nearby communities, who have been trained to conduct visitors safely around Chan Chan on bicycles. This new visiting option is available for free on Saturdays and Sundays from 09:00 to 15:30, only.

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    State:

    La Libertad

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  • Province:

    Trujillo

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  • arduousness:

    None

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  • Visits:

    Todo el año

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  • Entrance:

    Pagado

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